Half a Million Nonprofits Could Lose Their Federal Tax Exemptions, GuideStar Warns
Feb. 10, 2009, WASHINGTON, DC and WILLIAMSBURG, VA — GuideStar, the leading provider of nonprofit information, reports that half a million nonprofits could find themselves stripped of tax-exempt status in May 2010.
According to IRS estimates, that's how many smaller organizations have failed to file a Form 990-N.
The Pension Protection Act of 2006 requires exempt organizations (nonprofits the IRS has designated as exempt from federal income taxes) that do not meet the income threshold for filing an annual return (IRS Form 990 or one of its variants) to provide certain information to the IRS each year. The IRS created Form 990-N for this purpose, and smaller nonprofits began filing it in 2008.
The Pension Protection Act also directs the IRS to revoke the tax-exempt status of any organization that fails to file an annual return, including the 990-N, for three consecutive years. Revocations will happen automatically beginning in May 2010.
Experts have long believed that many defunct organizations are listed as active in the IRS files. (Exempt nonprofits are required to inform the IRS when they go out of business, but many don't.) It is unlikely, however, that they add up to half a million.
Nonprofits whose exemptions are revoked will suddenly be required to pay federal income taxes — and subject to financial penalties if they fail to do so. Hundreds of thousands of charities, many operated on shoestrings, could find them themselves no longer eligible to accept tax-deductible contributions. Nonprofits that wish to have their exemptions reinstated will be required to re-apply to the IRS for tax-exempt status, a process that can take several months.
"Smaller nonprofits make up as much as three-quarters of the nonprofit sector," stated Bob Ottenhoff, GuideStar's president and CEO. "They are the local animal rescue societies, the neighborhood groups that tutor elementary school students, the all-volunteer organizations that drive cancer patients to chemotherapy. Collectively they have a tremendous impact, and society will be the poorer if these organizations lose their federal tax exemptions.