Responsible Buying for Nonprofit Needs
The Flammable Fabrics Act (FAA)
The CPSC regulates mandatory flammability standards under the auspices of the FFA. (Though the FFA predates the CPSC by more than 20 years, the Consumer Products Safety Act consolidated a number of safety standards, such as the FFA, FHSA and RSA, under its jurisdiction.) The standards are detailed and vary a bit depending on the item (different fabrics have different rules, etc.). It's important to read them in full on your own, however, the general concept of the act is that "No article of wearing apparel or fabric subject to the Act and regulations shall be marketed or handled if such article or fabric, when tested according to the procedures prescribed in section 4(a) of the Act (16 CFR 1609), is so highly flammable as to be dangerous when worn by individuals."
The FFA also allows the CPSC to inspect any factories, shipments or products for flammability standards, as well as to request samples or proof of testing, though these inspections can only happen if the product is found to be in violation of the FFA first. Further, D. E. Fenton, executive director, compliance for QCA, states that factory inspection authority granted under the FFA is rarely used.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
The FTC is a federal organization charged with preventing "fraud, deception, and unfair business practices in the marketplace," for the American public. Its responsibilities are fairly broad, ranging from launching anti-trust cases to enforcing fair labeling on products, the latter of which is very much relevant to promotional apparel. The FTC enforces the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act, the Textile Products Identification Act and Care Labeling of Textile Wearing Apparel & Certain Piece Goods act.
The Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA)
The FLPA allows the FTC to "issue regulations requiring that all 'consumer commodities' be labeled to disclose net contents, identity of commodity, and name and place of business of the product's manufacturer, packer or distributor." For apparel, this information should be displayed on the tag. Together with the Care Labeling of Textile Wearing Apparel & Certain Piece Goods (why there has to be care instructions on apparel), the requirements of the act support the Textile Products Identification Act (why and how mislabeling is unlawful).